ACC311 Fundamentals of Auditing MCQs

ACC311 Fundamentals of Auditing MCQs from Quiz # 3

For better assessing the audit risk, auditor inquires different groups in the organizations EXCEPT:
Board of governance and top level management
Legal counsel
Middle level management

Internal sources of audit evidence for an entity includes the following EXCEPT:
Associated companies of the entity
Accounting systems, records and documents
Non-financial data and records
Management representation and discussion

Associated company is not internal source.

An “Associated Company” is an entity in which the Company has significant influence, but not a controlling interest, over the operating and financial management policy decisions of the entity. Associated Companies are accounted for using the equity method. Significant influence is generally presumed when the Company holds between 20 percent and 50 percent of the voting rights.
Which of the following is the least concern to an auditor regarding the client’s internal control system?
Efficiency and effectiveness of operations
Controls related to the reliability of financial reporting
Controls over classes of transactions
Auditors are equally concern with each of the given issues


During test of control procedure its design can easily tested with the help of:
ICQs and walk through tests
ICQs and judgment sample
ICQs and random sample

Lesson no.21 Handouts

Testing the Design:
– Proper design of internal control is tested through ICQs and ICEC.
Which of the following is TRUE?
The audit profession is unregulated
The audit profession is regulated by its own professional body
Outside bodies sometimes become involved in the regulation of audit profession
The audit profession is regulated only by the government

Auditing firms do not describe themselves as auditors. They describe themselves as Chartered Accountants.
In Pakistan auditing profession is allied with the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan (ICAP). It is an autonomous body incorporated under the Chartered Accountants Ordinance 1961.
ICAP is a regulatory body that enjoys a self regulatory status. Its affairs are run by a council which is elected by its member (Chartered Accountants).
The small audit firms provide the following services EXCEPT:
Liquidation and receivership work, fraud auditing
Financial management and system consultancy
Financial system planning and preparation
Tax management and statutory form filling

The small chartered accountant firms especially may spend more time on other services than on
The other services may include:
a. Writing up books of accounts (Book keeping)
b. Balancing books of accounts (Extracting trial balance)
c. Preparing final accounts
d. Tax management
e. Statutory form filling
f. Financial consultancy
g. Management and system consultancy
h. Liquidation and receivership work
i. Investigations (Fraud audit)
 Which of the following is not included in the category of cash?

Deposit with banks
Postdated checks
Money orders 
Which of the following letter should be included in the letter of representation?
Existence of immaterial mistake in the statement
Existence of any fraud or any error in the statement
Company’s growth trend in the future in figures
Market value of the company’s stock

Lesson No.34 

The contents of the letter of representation should not include routine matters, for example, that all fixed assets exist and are the property of the company or that stock is valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.
The letter should include only matters which:a. are material to the financial statements, andb. the auditors cannot obtain independent corroborative evidence. For measuring the quality of audit evidence auditors used the tool of appropriateness; in case if auditor wants to measure quantity of audit evidence which tools from the following should be adopted?
Lesson No. 22Sufficient appropriate Audit EvidenceSufficiency: The measure of quantity of audit evidence.Appropriateness: The measure of quality i.e. relevance and reliability in providing support of detecting misstatements in account balance classes of transactions and disclosures and relevant assertions.

Which statement cannot be highlighted as a merit of audit process?

(a)It settles the dispute between management
(b)It helps the auditor to give more constructive advice top management
(c)Its help to restrict sole proprietor to by changing some fee
(d)It gives strength to the company for acquiring the finance

When the cash sales should be recorded by the companies in order to achieve control objectives?
(a)Record the cash sales when purchase order is received from the customer
(b)Record the cash sales at the point they are made
(c)Record the cash sales after some period
(d)Record the cash sales weekly 

Controls over Cash Sales:
a) Cash sales should be recorded at the point the sale is made. Usually this is by means of a Cash Till or the use of cash sale invoices or receipts.

Auditors conduct auditing in accordance with :
(a)International Financial Reporting Standards
(b)Local pronouncements/Legislations
(c)Financial Accounting Standards Board
(d)All of the given options

True and fair presentation means that the financial statement are prepared and presented in accordance with the requirements of the applicable International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and local pronouncements/legislations.

Which of the following primary assertions is satisfied when an auditor ensures that there are no unrecorded assets, liabilities, transactions or events or undisclosed items in the client s financial records?

(a) Valuation
(d)Rights and obligations

(a) Assertions about classes of transactions and events for the period under audit;

(i) Occurrence – transactions and events that have been recorded have occurred and pertain to the entity;
(ii) Completeness – all transactions and events that should have been recorded have been recorded;
(iii) Accuracy – amounts and other data relating to recorded transactions and events have been recorded appropriately.
(iv) Cutoff – transactions and events have been recorded in the proper period.
(v) Classification – transactions and events have been recorded in the proper accounts.

ACC311 Fundamentals of Auditing Solved MCQS

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1. Standard format of Auditor’s Report as per the Companies Ordinance 1984 is described in which one of the following Legal Forms?
A. Form31A
B. Form32A
C. Form30A
D. Form35A

2. IFRS stands for which one of the following?
A. International Financial Reporting Standards
B. International Financial Recording Systems
C. International Financial Recording Statements
D. International Financial Reporting Systems

International Financial Reporting Standards.

3. Which of the following is NOT one of the five major components of internal control?
A. Risk assessment
B. Control activities
C. Information and communication system
D. Human resource background checks
Human resource background checks.

4. All of the following should be observed and inspected by the auditors during the risk assessment process of an entity EXCEPT:
A. Observations of Activities and operations
B. Inspection of Documents and records
C. Reading Management reports
D. Visit to other companies in the industry
Visit to other companies in the industry.

5. Which one of the following audit techniques ordinarily provides an auditor with the least assurance about the operating effectiveness of an internal control activity?
A. Inquiry of client personnel
B. Inspection of documents and reports
C. Observation of client personnel
D. Preparation of system flowcharts
Inspection of documents and reports.

6. Which one of the following opinions advocates that the auditor should form an opinion only after obtaining sufficient audit evidence instead of blindly accepting any information given by the management?
A. Auditor’s liability
B. Professional ethics
C. Professional Skepticism
D. Auditor’s opinion
Professional ethics.

7. Which one of the following is NOT required as part of the audit process?
A. Substantive procedures
B. Tests of control
C. Assessment of materiality
D. Procedures to obtain an understanding of the internal control structure
Procedures to obtain an understanding of the internal control structure.

8. SECP stands for which one of the following?
A. Securities and Exchange Collaboration of Pakistan
B. Securities and Exchange Consortium of Pakistan
C. Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan
D. Securities and Exchange Constitution of Pakistan
Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan.

9. One type of analytical procedure is the ‘Trend Analysis’. Which one of the following is the best example of trend analysis?
A. Comparison of company financial ratios to that of its competitors
B. Comparison of accounting records to budgeted amounts
C. Comparison of inventory levels over the past 3 years
D. Comparison of interest expenses to outstanding loan balances
Comparison of inventory levels over the past 3 years.

10. While conducting operational audit, which one of the following auditing procedures does the auditor primarily rely upon?
A. Inquiry and observation
B. Analytical procedures
C. Physical inspection
D. Tracing and vouching
Analytical procedures.

11. Which one of the following helps to achieve reasonable assurance about the fairness of financial statements during an audit process?
A. Audit report
B. Audit evidence
C. Audit engagement
D. Audit program
Audit report.